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含修饰语的主谓一致

作者:admin 发表于:2016-09-10   点击: 评论: 0

  1.有时主语与谓语动词之间插入一个介词短语修饰主语,该短语对谓语动词的单复数不产生影响。如:

  Several theories on this subject have been proposed.

  The danger of forest fires is not to be taken lightly.

  2.当主语后面跟有(along/together) with, like, in addition to, as well as, more than, rather than等引导的词组时,其谓语动词的单复数不受这些词组的影响。如:

  The rock singer, along with his bodyguards, was rushed away from the theater.

  Helen as well as I is eager to see the performance.

  Tom, more than other children, is anxious to go there again.

  My license, rather than my credit cards, was lost.

  3.“名词/数词+of+名词”结构与谓语动词的一致有以下情况:

  1)“one+of/out of+复数名词”结构作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式。如:

  One of the students in this class is from Tibet.

  2)“a pair+of+复数名词”结构后,谓语动词多用单数形式,强调事物的整体性。如:

  A pair of gloves is a nice present for her because it is cold now.

  3)“(a) part+of+名词”结构中,如名词为单数形式,一般要求谓语动词用单数形式;如名词为复数形式,一般要求谓语动词用复数形式。“parts+of+名词”结构后的谓语动词用复数形式。如:

  A part of the story is not true according to the witness.

  A part of the apples are bad.

  Parts of the new book are very instructive.

  4)“a group+of+复数名词”结构后,谓语动词多用单数形式,也可用复数形式。前者强调整体概念,后者强调各个组成部分。如:

  This group of chemicals behaves in the same way. (强调group这一整体)

  This group of chemicals behave in the same way. (强调group中的各成分)

  5)“a number+of+复数名词”结构后,谓语动词多用复数形式;“the number+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词用单数形式。如:

  A large number of/Large numbers of people have come to see the exhibition.

  The number of stamp-collectors is growing very quickly.

  同样,“an average/total+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词用复数形式;“the average/total+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词用单数形式。如:

  An average of 3,000 letters a month are received by the newspaper’s office.

  The total of letters received last month was 3,000.

  6)“a lot/mass…+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词一般用复数形式;如果名词是不可数的,谓语动词则用单数形式。如:

  A mass of workers were working in that factory.

  A lot of money was spent for travel.

  7)“this kind/sort…+of+名词”结构后的谓语动词一般用单数形式;如名词为复数形式,谓语动词也可用复数形式,以强调名词的复数概念。如:

  This kind of bird has been discovered by them.

  The kind of apples you eat are large and sour.

  8)“the rest+of+名词”结构中,如果名词是单数形式,谓语动词一般用单数形式;如果名词是复数形式,则谓语动词一般用复数形式。如:

  The rest of the story needs no telling.

  Mike stayed at home and the rest of the boys were out.

  9)“分数或百分数+of+名词”结构中,如果名词为复数形式,谓语动词用复数形式;如果名词为单数形式,谓语动词则用单数形式;若强调分数或百分数的抽象概念,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

  Over 30% of the students were absent from the meeting.

  Over three quarters of the city was destroyed in the war.

  Only about one third of the class is going to make it next year.

  10)“most/plenty+of+名词”结构中,如果名词是单数形式,谓语动词一般用单数形式;如果名词是复数形式,则谓语动词一般用复数形式;如果为集体名词,则根据该名词是指整体还是指个体而定。如:

  Most of his time was spent traveling when he was young.

  Plenty of chairs are needed for the meeting.

  Most of the population was young. (population指整体)

  Most of the audience were college students. (audience指个体成员)

  11)当none of后面接的是可数名词时,谓语动词用单复数形式都可以;如果接的是不可数名词,则只能用单数形式。当either/neither of…构成的短语作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式(在口语中也用复数形式)。如:

  None of the books has/have been placed on the shelves.

  None of the blame was your brother’s.

  Neither of the members is/are going to give up the chance.

  【小试牛刀】

   1. Nobody but William and John ____ asked to go.

#p#分页标题#e#

   A. were B. was C. have been D. had been

   2. 20 divided by 5 ____ 4.

   A. was equaled B. were equaled C. equals D. equaled

   3. Neither we nor he ____ to blame.

   A. are B. is C. were D. should

   4. Every means ____ been tried but without much result.

   A. has B. have C. had D. is

   5. One fourth of the students ____ from the south.

   A. is B. are C. comes D. has come

   6. A cart and horse ____ in the distance.

   A. stay B. come C. is D. are

   7. This pair of scissors ____ to the tailor.

   A. is belonged B. are belonged C. belongs D. belong

   8. About 60 percent of the students ____ from the south, the rest of them ____ from the north and foreign countries.

   A. are; is B. are; are C. is; are D. is; is

   9. Half of the workers here ____ under twenty ____.

   A. is; years B. are; year old C. is; year old D. are; years of age

  10. The number of pages in this dictionary ____ about two thousand.

   A. are B. has C. have D. is

  11. The secretary and principal(校长) ____ at the meeting now.

   A. are speaking B. is speaking

   C. were making a speech D. have a speech

  12. Either of you ____ going there tonight.

   A. will B. was C. is D. has

  13. Three fourths of the bread ____ by Bob, and the rest of the bread ____ left on the table.

   A. was eaten; were B. were eaten; was C. were eaten; were D. was eaten; was

  14. He tried many a ____, but I think ____ not enough.

   A. time; it is B. times; they are C. times; that is D. time; which is

  15. Not only you but also he ____ our evening.

   A. is to attend B. are to attend C. were to attend D. is attended

  16. A middle-aged woman with a baby in her arms ____ seen at the gate.

   A. was B. were C. has D. have

  17. The police ____ searching for a tall dark man with long hair.

   A. is B. are C. has been D. had

  18. The class ____ in the hall, listening to a lecture.

   A. was B. were C. been D. have

  19. He and I ____ classmates when we were at college.

   A. was B. were C. are D. is

  20. Between the two roads ____ a TV tower called “Skyscraper Tower”.

   A. stands B. standing C. which stands D. stand

  [Key:1.B不定代词作主语,谓语动词用单数。2.C 20 divided by 5看作一个整体作主语,谓语用单数。3.B neither…nor作主语,谓语通常与临近的词保持一致,所以与he一致用单数。 4.A every作主语谓语用单数。5.B one fourth of the students在这里强调数量,谓语用复数。 6.C a cart and horse意思是一辆马拉车,所以用单数。7.C this pair of scissors意思是一把剪子,故主语为单数。8.B都是复数作主语,谓语用复数。9.D 都是复数作主语,谓语应用复数。10.D the number of+名词复数,谓语动词一般是单数。11.B 这里and连接的是两个在意义上表示同一个人的词,所以谓语用单数,这句话意思是:这位校长兼秘书正在会上发言。12.C either作主语,谓语动词为单数。13.D bread是不可数名词,谓语用单数。14.A “他试了很多次了,但是我觉得还不够”,选项A的“it is”是指代“many a time”; many a time=many times。15.A not only…but also作主语,谓语与also后面的主语保持一致。16.A with连接的两个成分,谓语与with前的成分保持一致,所以用单数。17.B the police在这里强调数量,谓语用复数。 18.B the class在这里强调数量,意思是“学生们”,谓语用复数。19.B and连接的两个主语,谓语一般用复数。20.A 主语是a TV tower called “Skyscraper Tower”,所以谓语动词是单数。]

#p#分页标题#e#

  1.有时主语与谓语动词之间插入一个介词短语修饰主语,该短语对谓语动词的单复数不产生影响。如:

  Several theories on this subject have been proposed.

  The danger of forest fires is not to be taken lightly.

  2.当主语后面跟有(along/together) with, like, in addition to, as well as, more than, rather than等引导的词组时,其谓语动词的单复数不受这些词组的影响。如:

  The rock singer, along with his bodyguards, was rushed away from the theater.

  Helen as well as I is eager to see the performance.

  Tom, more than other children, is anxious to go there again.

  My license, rather than my credit cards, was lost.

  3.“名词/数词+of+名词”结构与谓语动词的一致有以下情况:

  1)“one+of/out of+复数名词”结构作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式。如:

  One of the students in this class is from Tibet.

  2)“a pair+of+复数名词”结构后,谓语动词多用单数形式,强调事物的整体性。如:

  A pair of gloves is a nice present for her because it is cold now.

  3)“(a) part+of+名词”结构中,如名词为单数形式,一般要求谓语动词用单数形式;如名词为复数形式,一般要求谓语动词用复数形式。“parts+of+名词”结构后的谓语动词用复数形式。如:

  A part of the story is not true according to the witness.

  A part of the apples are bad.

  Parts of the new book are very instructive.

  4)“a group+of+复数名词”结构后,谓语动词多用单数形式,也可用复数形式。前者强调整体概念,后者强调各个组成部分。如:

  This group of chemicals behaves in the same way. (强调group这一整体)

  This group of chemicals behave in the same way. (强调group中的各成分)

  5)“a number+of+复数名词”结构后,谓语动词多用复数形式;“the number+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词用单数形式。如:

  A large number of/Large numbers of people have come to see the exhibition.

  The number of stamp-collectors is growing very quickly.

  同样,“an average/total+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词用复数形式;“the average/total+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词用单数形式。如:

  An average of 3,000 letters a month are received by the newspaper’s office.

  The total of letters received last month was 3,000.

  6)“a lot/mass…+of+复数名词”结构后的谓语动词一般用复数形式;如果名词是不可数的,谓语动词则用单数形式。如:

  A mass of workers were working in that factory.

  A lot of money was spent for travel.

  7)“this kind/sort…+of+名词”结构后的谓语动词一般用单数形式;如名词为复数形式,谓语动词也可用复数形式,以强调名词的复数概念。如:

  This kind of bird has been discovered by them.

  The kind of apples you eat are large and sour.

  8)“the rest+of+名词”结构中,如果名词是单数形式,谓语动词一般用单数形式;如果名词是复数形式,则谓语动词一般用复数形式。如:

  The rest of the story needs no telling.

  Mike stayed at home and the rest of the boys were out.

  9)“分数或百分数+of+名词”结构中,如果名词为复数形式,谓语动词用复数形式;如果名词为单数形式,谓语动词则用单数形式;若强调分数或百分数的抽象概念,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

  Over 30% of the students were absent from the meeting.

  Over three quarters of the city was destroyed in the war.

  Only about one third of the class is going to make it next year.

  10)“most/plenty+of+名词”结构中,如果名词是单数形式,谓语动词一般用单数形式;如果名词是复数形式,则谓语动词一般用复数形式;如果为集体名词,则根据该名词是指整体还是指个体而定。如:

  Most of his time was spent traveling when he was young.

  Plenty of chairs are needed for the meeting.

  Most of the population was young. (population指整体)

  Most of the audience were college students. (audience指个体成员)

  11)当none of后面接的是可数名词时,谓语动词用单复数形式都可以;如果接的是不可数名词,则只能用单数形式。当either/neither of…构成的短语作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式(在口语中也用复数形式)。如:

  None of the books has/have been placed on the shelves.

  None of the blame was your brother’s.

  Neither of the members is/are going to give up the chance.

  【小试牛刀】

   1. Nobody but William and John ____ asked to go.

[db:答案]

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