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英语口语典型错误辨析

作者:admin 发表于:2016-10-11   点击: 评论: 0

  在与英美人交谈时,中国人往 往用汉语思维组织语言。由于这不符合英美人的表达习惯,因而常常闹出一些笑话。

  

  1)误:A:How do you do?

  B:I’m very well,thank you.

  析:回答How do you do?仍用How do you do?答;回答How are you?时要说:I’m very well,thank you.或Fine,thank you. And you?

  2)误:A:You speak English very well.

  B:No,not so well.

  析:英美人在听到别人夸奖或赞美时,无须过分谦虚,而应表示谢意,以示礼貌和自信,如:Thanks. /Many thanks. /That’s very kind of you. /It’s very kind of you to say so.而不说:No,not so well. /Just so-so. /Don’t mention it.等客套的话。

  3)误: A:Would you like to help me?

  B:No, l’m busy now.

  析:拒绝别人请求时,要有礼貌地说:I’d like to,but… /Oh,I’m afraid I… /What a pity,I…等;表示答应时要说:With pleasure. /Yes,I’d like to. /Certainly,I’d love to.等。

  4)误: A:Would you mind my opening the door?

  B:Yes, open it.

   析:回答Would(Do)you mind…? 这一句型时,往往用否定形式表示同意和许可。如:Of course not. /Certainly not. /No,not at a11. /No,please. /No,go ahead. /No,I don’t mind at a11. 表示不同意时则要用某种理由婉言谢绝。如:I’m sorry,but… /I’m afraid that… /You’d better not. /I’d rather you wouldn’t. /Yes,I do mind.等。

  5)误:A:Merry Christmas to you!

  B:Thanks a lot.

  析:当别人向你表示节日祝贺时,要说:The same to you.因为节假日对双方都是一样的;但当别人祝你Happy birthday to you!时,你要说:Thanks. /Thank you.等。

  6)误:Sorry,can you tell me the way to the post office?

   析:在表示打扰或麻烦别人时,不说:“Sorry”,而要说:“Excuse me.”意为“劳驾”、“请问”等。如:

  Excuse me,how can I go to the bus stop?

  7)误:Let me help you with the box.

   I can do,thank you.

   析:在婉言谢绝对方主动提出帮忙或邀请时,要说:I can manage. Thank you just the same.

  8)误: A:Hello,who are you?

  B:Hello,I’m Li Ming.

   析:电话中,问对方是谁时,要说:Hello,who’s that? /Hello,who’s that speaking? /Is that…(speaking)?/ Is that you…?回答对方时,要说:This is…(speaking).

  9)误:A:Who’s that?

  B:I’m Li Ping.

   析:回答Who’s that?或Who’s it?这种不知对方是何人的情况下要用:“It’s…”这一结构。应说:It’s Li Ping.

  10)误: A:Thank you for your help.

   B:No,thanks.

  析:回答别人感谢你时,英美人习惯上说:Not at all. /You are welcome. /That’s all right. /Don’t mention it. /My pleasure. /It’s my(a)pleasure.等。

  11)误:A:Sorry to have troubled you a lot.

  B:No trouble.

  析:在对方向你表示道歉时,你应说:Never mind. /That’s all right./It doesn’t matter./It’s nothing.等。

  12)误:A:Thank you for your nice present.

  B:No,only a small present.

  析:回答别人感谢你送去的礼物时,要说:I’m very glad you like it.

  13)误:A:How do you like our school?

  B:I like it very much.

  析:How do you like…? 相当于What do you think of?回答要说:It’s very beautiful. 如问话是 How much do you like our school?回答是:I like it very much.

  14)误:A:Would you please lend me your pen?

  B:Of course,I would.

  析:答应借某物给别人时,可以说:Here you are. /Of course. /Certainly.等。

  15)误:A:Would you have another cup of tea?

  B:Oh,no. I wouldn’t.

  析:表示“不想吃或喝……”,要说:No,thanks.或No,I have had much. 如表示“要,或再来点 ……”,用Yes,thank.或Yes,but only a little.来回答。■

  

  Kid’s Logic

  There was a knock at the door.It was a small boy, about six years old.Something of his had found its way into my garage, he said, and he wanted it back.

   Upon opening the garage door , I noticed a rugby ball and a broken window with a rugby-sized hole.

  “How do you know this ball got in here?”I asked the boy.

  Taking one look at the ball, one look at the window,and one look at me,the boy exclaimed,“Wow!I must have kicked it right through that hole!”(MAY)

  

  Secret

  An old man was relaxing at his hundredth birthday party when a reporter went up to him.“Sir,what is the secret of your long life?”

  The man considered this for a moment,then replied,“Every day at 9 p.m I have a glass of Wine for the heart I’ve heard.”

  The reporter replied,“That’s all ?”

  The man smiled ,“That,and canceling(取消)my voyage on the Titanic.”(MAY)

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